Do you want perfect skin but aren’t sure how to achieve it? No need to worry! We’re here to help. We’ve compiled a list of useful tips to help you build the perfect skincare routine for your skin type.
Know your Skin
The first step to building your perfect skincare routine is knowing your skin type. There are 5 skin types, knowing yours is crucial to understanding how to best look after it:
- Normal: not sensitive, clear and balanced
- Dry: scaly, uneven and flaky
- Oily: large pores, oily and shiny
- Combination: oily some areas like the chin and T-zone (forehead and nose) and dry in other areas like cheeks
- Sensitive: red, itchy and may become irritated by products
When cleaning normal/combination skin it is important to find what products work for you. You don’t need complicated and expensive products, just a gentle cleanser will do. Wash away the cleanser using warm water then pat dry using a clean towel and you’re good to go!
People with dry skin should avoid cleansers that contain fragrance and alcohol as these can dry out your skin even more. Using a gentle face wash, lightly wash your face and rinse with plenty of warm water. Try not to use hot water as this will extract the natural oils from your face. Exfoliating your skin once a week is crucial, it helps get rid of dead and flaky skin.
An oil-free foaming cleanser is best for oily skin. After rinsing with plenty of warm water, use a toner to wipe away any excess dirt or oil. This will balance out your skin and prepare it for moisturising.
Using products that don’t contain irritants is extremely important for sensitive skin. Try using products that are free of fragrance, alcohol, acid and soap. After washing your face, refrain from rubbing – pat your skin dry with a towel.
Everyone should moisturise regardless of their skin type; all skin needs moisture. Moisturisers are particularly good for dry skin as they stop skin from looking flaky.
The best way to lock in moisture is to apply a moisturiser while your skin is still damp after rinsing.
For spot-prone and oily skin, using a light, oil-free moisturiser will help stop pores from becoming blocked.
Acne has many forms including blackheads, whiteheads and pimples and hormones are usually the cause. More hormones mean your body is producing more sebum; the natural oil that comes from your pores, an increase of sebum can clog pores and trap bacteria resulting in an acne ‘breakout’.
So how do you treat it? First of all, whatever you do, do not squeeze your spots. Popping pimples can lead to infection and even permanent scarring. There are drugstore products that you can use to fight acne but you will need to be patient, treatments can take up to 6 weeks before you start to see any change in your skin. If the problem continues and gets worse, seek advice from your GP or a dermatologist.
After a big night it can be tempting to climb into bed without taking off our makeup and washing our face, but, it’s so important that we do! Leaving makeup on overnight can cause your pores to clog up and resulting in a break out of spots. Use a gentle makeup remover or makeup wipes to remove any products before using a cleanser to wash your face and remove any left over product.
After washing, it is important to use toner or cleansing water to cool and refresh your face before adding your moisturiser to keep your face hydrated while you sleep.
Once you have perfected a basic skincare routine you can add in products to target specific problems that you may have with your skin such as dark circles.
If you have an interest in skincare and all things beauty, you could enrol on an IAO Level 3 Diploma in Beauty Therapy Techniques where you can apply your knowledge to the skincare routines of others and expand your skills into other areas of beauty.